Violations of Intellectual Freedom*
Incidents have occurred in the last two years that adversely affect freedom of access to information or freedom of expression:
The respondent indicated that no incidents have occurred in China in the past two years that adversely affected freedom of access to information or freedom of expression.
Independent third-party sources, however, cited numerous incidents violating freedom of access to information and freedom of expression during the past two years. China was ranked 168th out of 175 countries in the 2009 Press Freedom Index of Reporters Without Borders (http://www.rsf.org/en-classement1001-2009.html) – a situation described as “very serious”. The country is also listed as an “Internet enemy” by Reporters Without Borders (http://www.rsf.org/en-ennemi36677-China.html), who describe Internet censorship in China as the “Electronic Great Wall”. It consists of a highly technical and specialised system which, in actual fact, creates an “Intranet” of the controlled and censored Chinese versions of websites (http://www.rsf.org/en-ennemi36677-China.html).
There are also numerous incidents of the ill treatment, harassment, assault and imprisonment of journalists and other individuals for their (peaceful) expression of opinions different from those prescribed by authorities. For more information on these incidents, see reports by the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (http://www.ifex.org/china/), the 2009 Report of Amnesty International (http://www.amnesty.org/en/region/china/report-2009) and the 2009 Report of Human Rights Watch (http://www.hrw.org/en/node/79301). These sources also report on various violations of human rights that have taken place in China due to an intolerance of any views opposing those of the government, and of criticism of the government.