武大起#义

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如果因为这事儿被追究而影响学业的话,我会动用个人力量尝试为他解决就业问题 🙂
……

这不是电视购物大促销,而是Twitter推友为今天向GFW之父方#滨#兴扔鞋的致敬礼品,我这是罗列了有限的一部分。

背景:今年下午,方#滨#兴在武大计算机学院坐讲,一位真正的勇士向他扔鞋和鸡蛋,结果方被鞋打中,方校长终于完成了他人生中最华丽的一次转身,享受了国家敏#感#词在英国的待遇。武汉大学继承100年前的武昌起义精神,今天(2011年五月19日)打响了向违背宪法的GFW发起进攻的第一枪。致敬!

学英语的时间

Internet Freedom
Hilary Clinton
2010.1.21

Thank you, Alberto for that kind introduction. It’s a pleasure to be here at the Newseum. This institution is a monument to some of our most precious freedoms, and I’m grateful for this opportunity to discuss how those freedoms apply to the challenges of the 21st century. I’m also delighted to see so many friends and former colleagues.

This is an important speech on an important subject. But before I begin, I want to speak briefly about Haiti. During the last nine days, the people of Haiti and the people of the world have joined together to deal with a tragedy of staggering proportions. Our hemisphere has seen its share of hardship, but there are few precedents for the situation we’re facing in Port-au-Prince. Communication networks have played a critical role in our response. In the hours after the quake, we worked with partners in the private sector to set up the text “HAITI” campaign so that mobile phone users in the United States could donate to relief efforts via text message. That initiative has been a showcase for the generosity of the American people and it’s raised over $25 million for recovery efforts.

Information networks have also played a critical role on the ground.

The technology community has set up interactive maps to help identify needs and target resources. And on Monday, a seven-year-old girl and two women were pulled from the rubble of a collapsed supermarket by an American search and rescue team after they sent a text message calling for help. These examples are manifestations of a much broader phenomenon.

The spread of information networks is forming a new nervous system for our planet. When something happens in Haiti or Hunan the rest of us learn about it in real time – from real people. And we can respond in real time as well. Americans eager to help in the aftermath of a disaster and the girl trapped in that supermarket are connected in ways that we weren’t a generation ago. That same principle applies to almost all of humanity. As we sit here today, any of you – or any of our children – can take out tools we carry with us every day and transmit this discussion to billions across the world.

In many respects, information has never been so free. There are more ways to spread more ideas to more people than at any moment in history. Even in authoritarian countries, information networks are helping people discover new facts and making governments more accountable.

During his visit to China in November, President Obama held a town hall meeting with an online component to highlight the importance of the internet. In response to a question that was sent in over the internet, he defended the right of people to freely access information, and said that the more freely information flows, the stronger societies become. He spoke about how access to information helps citizens to hold their governments accountable, generates new ideas, and encourages creativity. The United States’ belief in that truth is what brings me here today.

But amid this unprecedented surge in connectivity, we must also recognize that these technologies are not an unmitigated blessing. These tools are also being exploited to undermine human progress and political rights. Just as steel can be used to build hospitals or machine guns and nuclear energy can power a city or destroy it, modern information networks and the technologies they support can be harnessed for good or ill. The same networks that help organize movements for freedom also enable al Qaeda to spew hatred and incite violence against the innocent. And technologies with the potential to open up access to government and promote transparency can also be hijacked by governments to crush dissent and deny human rights.

In the last year, we’ve seen a spike in threats to the free flow of information. China, Tunisia, and Uzbekistan have stepped up their censorship of the internet. In Vietnam, access to popular social networking sites has suddenly disappeared. And last Friday in Egypt, 30 bloggers and activists were detained. One member of this group, Bassem Samir – who is thankfully no longer in prison – is with us today. So while it is clear that the spread of these technologies is transforming our world, it is still unclear how that transformation will affect the human rights and welfare of much of the world’s population.

SYNCING PROGRESS WITH PRINCIPLES

On their own, new technologies do not take sides in the struggle for freedom and progress. But the United States does. We stand for a single internet where all of humanity has equal access to knowledge and ideas. And we recognize that the world’s information infrastructure will become what we and others make of it.

This challenge may be new, but our responsibility to help ensure the free exchange of ideas goes back to the birth of our republic. The words of the First Amendment to the Constitution are carved in 50 tons of Tennessee marble on the front of this building. And every generation of Americans has worked to protect the values etched in that stone.

Franklin Roosevelt built on these ideas when he delivered his Four Freedoms speech in 1941. At the time, Americans faced a cavalcade of crises and a crisis of confidence. But the vision of a world in which all people enjoyed freedom of expression, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear transcended the trouble of his day.

Years later, one of my heroes, Eleanor Roosevelt, worked to have these principles adopted as a cornerstone of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. They have provided a lodestar to every succeeding generation – guiding us, galvanizing us, and enabling us to move forward in the face of uncertainty.

As technology hurtles forward, we must think back to that legacy. We need to synchronize our technological progress with our principles. In accepting the Nobel Prize, President Obama spoke about the need to build a world in which peace rests on the “inherent rights and dignity of every individual.” And in my speech on human rights at Georgetown I talked about how we must find ways to make human rights a reality. Today, we find an urgent need to protect these freedoms on the digital frontiers of the 21st century.

There are many other networks in the world – some aid in the movement of people or resources; and some facilitate exchanges between individuals

with the same work or interests. But the internet is a network that

magnifies the power and potential of all others. And that’s why we believe it’s critical that its users are assured certain basic freedoms.

FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

First among them is the freedom of expression. This freedom is no longer defined solely by whether citizens can go into the town square and criticize their government without fear of retribution. Blogs, email, social networks, and text messages have opened up new forums for exchanging ideas – and created new targets for censorship.

As I speak to you today, government censors are working furiously to erase my words from the records of history. But history itself has already condemned these tactics. Two months ago, I was in Germany to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. The leaders gathered at that ceremony paid tribute to the courageous men and women on the far side of that barrier who made the case against oppression by circulating small pamphlets called samizdat. These leaflets questioned the claims and intentions of dictatorships in the Eastern Bloc, and many people paid dearly for distributing them. But their words helped pierce the concrete and concertina wire of the Iron Curtain.

The Berlin Wall symbolized a world divided, and it defined an entire era. Today, remnants of that wall sit inside this museum – where they belong. And the new iconic infrastructure of our age is the internet.

Instead of division, it stands for connection. But even as networks spread to nations around the globe, virtual walls are cropping up in place of visible walls.

Some countries have erected electronic barriers that prevent their people from accessing portions of the world’s networks. They have expunged words, names and phrases from search engine results. They have violated the privacy of citizens who engage in non-violent political speech. These actions contravene the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, which tells us that all people have the right “to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.” With the spread of these restrictive practices, a new information curtain is descending across much of the world. Beyond this partition, viral videos and blog posts are becoming the samizdat of our day.

As in the dictatorships of the past, governments are targeting independent thinkers who use these tools. In the demonstrations that followed Iran’s presidential elections, grainy cell phone footage of a young woman’s bloody murder provided a digital indictment of the government’s brutality. We’ve seen reports that when Iranians living overseas posted online criticism of their nation’s leaders, their family members in Iran were singled out for retribution. And despite an intense campaign of government intimidation, brave citizen journalists in Iran continue using technology to show the world and their fellow citizens what is happening in their country. In speaking out on behalf of their own human rights the Iranian people have inspired the world.

And their courage is redefining how technology is used to spread truth and expose injustice.

All societies recognize that free expression has its limits. We do not tolerate those who incite others to violence, such as the agents of al Qaeda who are – at this moment – using the internet to promote the mass murder of innocent people. And hate speech that targets individuals on the basis of their ethnicity, gender, or sexual orientation is reprehensible. It is an unfortunate fact that these issues are both growing challenges that the international community must confront together. We must also grapple with the issue of anonymous speech. Those who use the internet to recruit terrorists or distribute stolen intellectual property cannot divorce their online actions from their real world identities. But these challenges must not become an excuse for governments to systematically violate the rights and privacy of those who use the internet for peaceful political purposes.

FREEDOM OF WORSHIP

The freedom of expression may be the most obvious freedom to face challenges with the spread of new technologies, but it is not alone. The freedom of worship usually involves the rights of individuals to commune – or not commune – with their Creator. And that’s one channel of communication that does not rely on technology. But the freedom of worship also speaks to the universal right to come together with those who share your values and vision for humanity. In our history, those gatherings often took place in churches, synagogues, temples, and mosques. Today, they may also take place on line.

The internet can help bridge divides between people of different faiths.

As the president said in Cairo, “freedom of religion is central to the ability of people to live together.” And as we look for ways to expand dialogue, the internet holds out tremendous promise. We have already begun connecting students in the United States with young people in Muslim communities around the world to discuss global challenges. And we will continue using this tool to foster discussion between individuals in different religious communities.

Some nations, however, have co-opted the internet as a tool to target and silence people of faith. Last year in Saudi Arabia, a man spent months in prison for blogging about Christianity. And a Harvard study found that the Saudi government blocked many web pages about Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, and even Islam. Countries including Vietnam and China employed similar tactics to restrict access to religious information.

Just as these technologies must not be used to punish peaceful political speech, they must not be used to persecute or silence religious minorities. Prayers will always travel on higher networks. But connection technologies like the internet and social networking sites should enhance individuals’ ability to worship as they see fit, come together with people of their own faith, and learn more about the beliefs of others. We must work to advance the freedom of worship online just as we do in other areas of life.

FREEDOM FROM WANT

There are, of course, hundreds of millions of people living without the benefits of these technologies. In our world, talent is distributed universally, but opportunity is not. And we know from long experience that promoting social and economic development in countries where people lack access to knowledge, markets, capital, and opportunity can be frustrating, and sometimes futile work. In this context, the internet can serve as a great equalizer. By providing people with access to knowledge and potential markets, networks can create opportunity where none exists.

Over the last year, I’ve seen this first hand. In Kenya, where farmers have seen their income grow by as much as 30% since they started using mobile banking technology. In Bangladesh, where more than 300,000 people have signed up to learn English on their mobile phones. And in sub-Saharan Africa, where women entrepreneurs use the internet to get access to microcredit loans and connect to global markets. These examples of progress can be replicated in the lives of the billion people at the bottom of the world’s economic ladder. In many cases,

the internet, mobile phones, and other connection technologies can do for economic growth what the green revolution did for agriculture. You can now generate significant yields from very modest inputs. One World Bank study found that in a typical developing country, a 10% increase in the penetration rate for mobile phones led to an almost one percent annual increase in per capita GDP. To put that in perspective, for India, that would translate into almost $10 billion a year.

A connection to global information networks is like an on a ramp to modernity. In the early years of these technologies, many believed they would divide the world between haves and have-nots. That hasn’t happened. There are 4 billion cell phones in use today – many are in the hands of market vendors, rickshaw drivers, and others who’ve historically lacked access to education and opportunity. Information networks have become a great leveler, and we should use them to help lift people out of poverty.

FREEDOM FROM FEAR

We have every reason to be hopeful about what people can accomplish when they leverage communication networks and connection technologies to achieve progress. But some will use global information networks for darker purposes. Violent extremists, criminal cartels, sexual predators, and authoritarian governments all seek to exploit global networks. Just as terrorists have taken advantage of the openness of our society to carry out their plots, violent extremists use the internet to radicalize and intimidate. As we work to advance these freedoms, we must also work against those who use communication networks as tools of disruption and fear.

Governments and citizens must have confidence that the networks at the core of their national security and economic prosperity are safe and resilient. This is about more than petty hackers who deface websites.

Our ability to bank online, use electronic commerce, and safeguard billions of dollars in intellectual property are all at stake if we cannot rely on the security of information networks.

Disruptions in these systems demand a coordinated response by governments, the private sector, and the international community. We need more tools to help law enforcement agencies cooperate across jurisdictions when criminal hackers and organized crime syndicates attack networks for financial gain. The same is true when social ills such as child pornography and the exploitation of trafficked women and girls migrate online. We applaud efforts such as the Council on Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime that facilitate international cooperation in prosecuting such offenses.

We have taken steps as a government, and as a Department, to find diplomatic solutions to strengthen global cyber security. Over a half-dozen different Bureaus have joined together to work on this issue, and two years ago we created an office to coordinate foreign policy in cyberspace. We have worked to address this challenge at the UN and other multilateral forums and put cyber-security on the world’s agenda. And President Obama has appointed a new national cyberspace policy coordinator who will help us work even more closely to ensure that our networks stay free, secure, and reliable.

States, terrorists, and those who would act as their proxies must know that the United States will protect our networks. Those who disrupt the free flow of information in our society, or any other, pose a threat to our economy, our government and our civil society. Countries or individuals that engage in cyber attacks should face consequences and international condemnation. In an interconnected world, an attack on one nation’s networks can be an attack on all. By reinforcing that message, we can create norms of behavior among states and encourage respect for the global networked commons.

THE FREEDOM TO CONNECT

The final freedom I want to address today flows from the four I’ve already mentioned: the freedom to connect – the idea that governments should not prevent people from connecting to the internet, to websites, or to each other. The freedom to connect is like the freedom of assembly in cyber space. It allows individuals to get online, come together, and hopefully cooperate in the name of progress. Once you’re on the internet, you don’t need to be a tycoon or a rock star to have a huge impact on society.

The largest public response to the terrorist attacks in Mumbai was launched by a 13-year-old boy. He used social networks to organize blood drives and a massive interfaith book of condolence. In Colombia, an unemployed engineer brought together more than 12 million people in 190 cities around the world to demonstrate against the FARC terrorist movement. The protests were the largest anti-terrorist demonstrations in history. In the weeks that followed, the FARC saw more demobilizations and desertions than it had during a decade of military action. And in Mexico, a single email from a private citizen who was fed up with drug-related violence snowballed into huge demonstrations in all of the country’s 32 states. In Mexico City alone, 150,000 people took to the streets in protest. The internet can help humanity push back against those who promote violence and extremism.

In Iran, Moldova, and many other countries, online organizing has been a critical tool for advancing democracy, and enabling citizens to protest suspicious election results. Even in established democracies like the United States, we’ve seen the power of these tools to change history. Some of you may still remember the 2008 presidential election…

The freedom to connect to these technologies can help transform societies, but it is also critically important to individuals. I recently heard the story of a doctor who had been trying desperately to diagnose his daughter’s rare medical condition. After consulting with two dozen specialists, he still didn’t have an answer. He finally identified the condition – and a cure – by using an internet search engine. That’s one of the reasons why unfettered access to search engine technology is so important.

APPLYING PRINCIPLES TO POLICY

The principles I’ve outlined today will guide our approach to the issue of internet freedom and the use of these technologies. And I want to speak about how we apply them in practice. The United States is committed to devoting the diplomatic, economic and technological resources necessary to advance these freedoms. We are a nation made up of immigrants from every country and interests that span the globe. Our foreign policy is premised on the idea that no country stands to benefit more when cooperation among peoples and states increases. And no country shoulders a heavier burden when conflict drives nations apart.

We are well placed to seize the opportunities that come with interconnectivity. And as the birthplace for so many of these technologies, we have a responsibility to see them used for good. To do that, we need to develop our capacity for 21st century statecraft.

Realigning our policies and our priorities won’t be easy. But adjusting to new technology rarely is. When the telegraph was introduced, it was a source of great anxiety for many in the diplomatic community, where the prospect of receiving daily instructions from Washington was not entirely welcome. But just as our diplomats eventually mastered the telegraph, I have supreme confidence that the world can harness the potential of these new tools as well.

I’m proud that the State Department is already working in more than 40 countries to help individuals silenced by oppressive governments. We are making this issue a priority in at the United Nations as well, and included internet freedom as a component in the first resolution we introduced after returning to the UN Human Rights Council.

We are also supporting the development of new tools that enable citizens to exercise their right of free expression by circumventing politically motivated censorship. We are working globally to make sure that those tools get to the people who need them, in local languages, and with the training they need to access the internet safely. The United States has been assisting in these efforts for some time. Both the American people and nations that censor the internet should understand that our government is proud to help promote internet freedom.

We need to put these tools in the hands of people around the world who will use them to advance democracy and human rights, fight climate change and epidemics, build global support for President Obama’s goal of a world without nuclear weapons, and encourage sustainable economic development. That’s why today I’m announcing that over the next year, we will work with partners in industry, academia, and non-governmental organizations to establish a standing effort that will harness the power of connection technologies and apply them to our diplomatic goals. By relying on mobile phones, mapping applications, and other new tools, we can empower citizens and leverage our traditional diplomacy. We can also address deficiencies in the current market for innovation.

Let me give you one example: let’s say I want to create a mobile phone application that would allow people to rate government ministries on their responsiveness, efficiency, and level of corruption. The hardware required to make this idea work is already in the hands of billions of potential users. And the software involved would be relatively inexpensive to develop and deploy. If people took advantage of this tool, it would help us target foreign assistance spending, improve lives, and encourage foreign investment in countries with responsible governments – all good things. However, right now, mobile application developers have no financial incentive to pursue that project on their own and the State Department lacks a mechanism to make it happen. This initiative should help resolve that problem, and provide long-term dividends from modest investments in innovation. We’re going to work with experts to find the best structure for this venture, and we’ll need the talent and resources of technology companies and non-profit organizations in order to get the best results. So for those of you in this room, consider yourselves invited.

In the meantime, there are companies, individuals, and institutions working on ideas and applications that could advance our diplomatic and development objectives. And the State Department will be launching an innovation competition to give this work an immediate boost. We’ll be asking Americans to send us their best ideas for applications and technologies that help to break down language barriers, overcome illiteracy, and connect people to the services and information they need. Microsoft, for example, has already developed a prototype for a digital doctor that could help provide medical care in isolated rural communities. We want to see more ideas like that. And we’ll work with the winners of the competition and provide grant to help build their ideas to scale.

PRIVATE SECTOR AND FOREIGN GOVERNMENT RESPONSIBILITY

As we work together with the private sector and foreign governments to deploy the tools of 21st century statecraft, we need to remember our shared responsibility to safeguard the freedoms I’ve talked about today.

We feel strongly that principles like information freedom aren’t just good policy, they’re good business for all involved. To use market terminology, a publicly-listed company in Tunisia or Vietnam that operates in an environment of censorship will always trade at a discount relative to an identical firm in a free society. If corporate decision makers don’t have access to global sources of news and information, investors will have less confidence in their decisions. Countries that censor news and information must recognize that, from an economic standpoint, there is no distinction between censoring political speech and commercial speech. If businesses in your nation are denied access to either type of information, it will inevitably reduce growth.

Increasingly, U.S. companies are making the issue of information freedom a greater consideration in their business decisions. I hope that their competitors and foreign governments will pay close attention to this trend.

The most recent example of Google’s review of its business operations in China has attracted a great deal of interest. We look to Chinese authorities to conduct a thorough investigation of the cyber intrusions that led Google to make this announcement. We also look for that investigation and its results to be transparent. The internet has already been a source of tremendous progress in China, and it’s great that so many people there are now online. But countries that restrict free access to information or violate the basic rights of internet users risk walling themselves off from the progress of the next century. The United States and China have different views on this issue. And we intend to address those differences candidly and consistently.

Ultimately, this issue isn’t just about information freedom; it’s about what kind of world we’re going to inhabit. It’s about whether we live on a planet with one internet, one global community, and a common body of knowledge that unites and benefits us all. Or a fragmented planet in which access to information and opportunity is dependent on where you live and the whims of censors.

Information freedom supports the peace and security that provide a foundation for global progress. Historically, asymmetrical access to information is one of the leading causes of interstate conflict. When we face serious disputes or dangerous incidents, it’s critical that people on both sides of the problem have access to the same set of facts and opinions.

As it stands, Americans can consider information presented by foreign governments – we do not block their attempts to communicate with people in the United States. But citizens in societies that practice censorship lack exposure to outside views. In North Korea, for example, the government has tried to completely isolate its citizens from outside opinions. This lop-sided access to information increases both the likelihood of conflict and the probability that small disagreements will escalate. I hope responsible governments with an interest in global stability will work to address such imbalances.

For companies, this issue is about more than claiming the moral high ground; it comes down to the trust between firms and their customers. Consumers everywhere want to have confidence that the internet companies they rely on will provide comprehensive search results and act as responsible stewards of their information. Firms that earn that confidence will prosper in a global marketplace. Those who lose it will also lose customers. I hope that refusal to support politically-motivated censorship will become a trademark characteristic of American technology companies. It should be part of our national brand. I’m confident that consumers worldwide will reward firms that respect these principles.

We are reinvigorating the Global Internet Freedom Task Force as a forum for addressing threats to internet freedom around the world, and urging U.S. media companies to take a proactive role in challenging foreign governments’ demands for censorship and surveillance. The private sector has a shared responsibility to help safeguard free expression. And when their business dealings threaten to undermine this freedom, they need to consider what’s right, not simply the prospect of quick profits.

We’re also encouraged by the work that’s being done through the Global Network Initiative – a voluntary effort by technology companies who are working with non-governmental organization, academic experts, and social investment funds to respond to government requests for censorship. The Initiative goes beyond mere statements of principle and establishes mechanisms to promote real accountability and transparency. As part of our commitment to support responsible private sector engagement on information freedom, the State Department will be convening a high-level meeting next month co-chaired by Under Secretaries Robert Hormats and Maria Otero to bring together firms that provide network services for talks on internet freedom. We hope to work together to address this challenge.

CONCLUSION

Pursuing the freedoms I’ve talked about today is the right thing to do.

But it’s also the smart thing to do. By advancing this agenda, we align our principles, our economic goals, and our strategic priorities. We need to create a world in which access to networks and information brings people closer together, and expands our definition of community.

Given the magnitude of the challenges we’re facing, we need people around the world to pool their knowledge and creativity to help rebuild the global economy, protect our environment, defeat violent extremism, and build a future in which every human being can realize their God-given potential.

Let me close by asking you to remember the little girl who was pulled from the rubble on Monday in Port-au-Prince. She is alive, was reunited with her family, and will have the opportunity to help rebuild her nation because these networks took a voice that was buried and spread it to the world. No nation, group, or individual should stay buried in the rubble of oppression. We cannot stand by while people are separated from our human family by walls of censorship. And we cannot be silent about these issues simply because we cannot hear their cries. Let us recommit ourselves to this cause. Let us make these technologies a force for real progress the world over. And let us go forward together to champion these freedoms.

圣诞节的礼物

我不是基督徒,但我也不是无神论者,我忘不了有一年的平安夜。

由于我喜欢和基督徒朋友聊天,和他们一起怀疑和赞美人生。一个很谈得来的基督徒朋友邀请我和几百人的教徒一起去过平安夜。

我真切地感受到平安夜在教徒心中的地位和他们对于耶稣主的虔诚,正是有了主,我们才有今天的美好。

今年圣诞节,我第一时间得知了和菜头的博客被封,也第一时间给他发了一个慰问短信:信春哥,希望菜头博客早日解封。口气中既有关心也有调侃般的幸灾乐祸。

不知道过去几分钟或者几个小时,有人告诉我我的博客也打不开了,再后来CTO钱老板短信告知我我的域名被彻底地GFWed,幸好我还有.COM的域名,楼脆脆也不怕,谁让咱有两套房产呢。
感谢政府,给了我最难忘的圣诞节。

心里的平安是给圣诞节最好的礼物,我相信。

当墙越筑越高,图书馆员的作用会越来越小

我的本家顾三牛昨天写博客谈ISSN国家中心主任会议,这是国家图书馆百年馆庆活动中的一个国际工作会议,对于宣传中国的图书馆或者中国的国家图书馆是一件好事。顾三牛在博文的后面说道:“今天N多个老外问我为什么中国不能上Facebook,我也只好无语了”。我觉得他处理地很好,因为这种东西你不需要解释,冷处理是最正确的和谐精神的反应。如果你用外交部发言人的口气去解释,老外们也不是没听过扯淡,这是在侮辱同行的智商;如果你用网民的角度去回答,可能会被用不爱国或者家丑不能外扬的道理来修理你。

好了,只有沉默才是最好的办法,虽然诸如顾三牛这样的当事人委屈一点,但是确实和谐所需,你不说话没人当你是哑巴,闷声发大财才是硬道理。

我想国外的同行早有耳闻我们的网络国情,可能问完之后只得会心一笑罢了,反正都是同行,心知肚明,所以不回应也有点那个,不如顾三牛学学《潜伏》中的陆桥山,再动用一下老男人招牌式的色色的微笑,翘一下兰花指,歪一下带有些许胡茬的嘴唇,轻轻地吐出“你太坏了,真贼”……

这种事情见怪不怪,可是我想要了解的是Facebook原本是一个年轻人的SNS网站,为什么会有这么多成年人,甚至是图书馆等机构在使用它呢?它能提供我们个人有什么帮助?它对于机构有什么好处?

昨天著名博客Stephen’s Lighthouse在“Libraries and Facebook”中给图书馆和图书馆员抛出了关于图书馆和Facebook的几个问题,也许能够回答一点我的疑问。我试着翻译一下,不足之处,请不要指正。

Do you solicit new cardholders through Facebook?
你通过Facebook拉过客吗?

Is your OPAC easily accessible through Facebook?
你通过Facebook提供过你的特色服务吗?

Can I ask reference questions through Facebook?
你能坐台接客吗?

Can I connect to you and your webpage presence through Facebook?
你用Facebook当过你的妈咪吗?

Do you have a fan page where potential and current users can?
你用Facebook让登徒子们对你趋之若鹜吗?

Are you fundraising through Facebook?
你用Facebook空手套白狼过吗?

Are you collaborating and communicating with your friends?
你们姐妹间是否互通有无?

最后他提出这个问题:

If you’re not where your users are, where exactly are you?
这个话我不敢翻,也没有能力翻。

facebook 300-million-users

我几乎每天都会翻墙登录一下我的Facebook,怅然若失的感觉油乎乎地生出来。这个注册人数快要超过美国人口的2.0网站被一个叫GFW的东西就这样无情地和谐掉了。

但是作为传播知识、支撑记忆、公开信息和保障公平的独一无二的平台,图书馆面对GFW,我们是否无动于衷?

也许这根本就不是问题,可是如果一个信息传播者不会翻墙,不会去墙外鲜花盛开的地方揪几枝小草,Ta至少不是一个很好的从业者,即使不会沉默,而是用各种理由去说明自己的道理。这就像我们将任何事情的缺失都归入一个大框:体制。

当金融危机来临的时候,美国公民想到去图书馆让图书馆员帮助提供就业参考和资料。我们在墙外驻足,无法查阅很多学术文章,而且苦于难以施展拳脚翻越的时候,是否想到过图书馆和图书馆员?

有人会说当中国的互联网真正成了一个局域网的时候,才能显示出我们图书馆实体资源的重要性来,我们根本不用担心,Wow,要知道《动物农场》里的猪下面的那些动物好像也是这么认为的。但现在的猪和以前的猪不一样,因为它们知道了猪狗不如的生活是什么样子。

跨越长城,走向世界 网民节
图片来源:http://blog.donews.com/ahgua/archive/2009/09/15/1560644.aspx

一塌糊涂十岁了:我们曾经这样过

再过十天,也就是9月17日,是一个纪念日。

十年前,1999年的这一天,一塌糊涂BBS(YTHT.NET)诞生了(维基百科的介绍请看这里)。它一度是中国大陆教育网内平均在线人数最多的BBS,它是新文化运动之前的《新青年》,一个大多60前和90后并不知晓的大学生言论重地。

五年后的9月13日,她在伟大的D面前得到了光荣的副统帅林彪的下场。那时的人们默默地接受了这个事实,而且开始有个Blog这个新鲜东西。

又过五年后的今天,YouTube、Facebook、Blogger、Picasa、Flickr、Twitter、Blogspot等你能够想到的国外有名的2.0网站大都在这个有着悠久传统、礼仪之邦文化的大国得到了不同程度的厚爱,爱屋及乌,连同山寨版的饭否也忝列其中。现在的人们静静地接受了这个事实,但开始强身健体,预备随时翻墙。

再过五年,希望凡尔纳或者诺查丹玛斯给我们一个预言,谢谢。

P.S.今天翻墙发现一塌糊涂竟然还在,输入自己那个陌生的ID竟然进入其中。看看我当年在一塌糊涂上的邮箱和曾经的预订讨论区,唏嘘不已,当年在三角地版块灌水被封的信件如此的亲切,我和喜欢《陈寅恪的最后20年》的一位网友的通信让我觉得青春也曾经如此的灿烂过。曾经的预订讨论区的大多数版块已经消失,现在的一塌糊涂只是一块墓碑,上面写着几个字:我们曾经这样过

一塌糊涂牺牲后制作的站衫图案,我穿了近五年,还将穿下去

一塌糊涂BBST恤正面

一塌糊涂BBST恤背面

恭喜Facebook

昨天,我还说Facebook不够成功,今天它终于圆满了,它终于成为了名副其实的成功网站。

南非人金玉米创办的网站“单位”也成为了一个小有成绩的网站,今天被封了,恭喜金玉米。我记得去年这个时候,我曾经在某个场合问过他,你办这个网站碰到过麻烦没有,他说没有,原因可能是英文网站受到关注的人群毕竟是少之又少吧。一年后,单位成功了。

周润发版孔子曰:成功?我才刚上路呢!

Google傻B了

今晚,Google(不是谷歌)在中国好像是全军覆没,换句话说是被封了,通俗地说是被墙了,再一次证明了互联网是最大的反对党。

我只能翻墙了,终于能够使用Google了,可是速度很慢,如果我的Gmail回信慢,请朋友们见谅。耽误了工作,请领导见谅。耽误了我Calendar上提醒的家务,请夫人见谅。耽误了六十年大庆,请党国见谅。我有个备用邮箱caogfw%qq.com,目前联系请用这个,谢谢!

著名的南非小伙儿金玉米,也就是Danwei.org的创办人,刚刚写了一篇关于Google被封的博客,摘录部分如下:

You are making Chinese people look like children on the world stage.

You are bringing shame to the People’s Republic of China, and the Chinese Communist Party.

Whoever made this decision, you have lost face for the Chinese people.

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GFW和Proxy情侣衫

Google在中国的收入约占他们收入的1%左右,这是我一个Google的朋友告诉我的。虽然以后可能2%、3%、……,但祈祷Google还是离开这个世界上少有的几个互联网土地吧,我们这些红旗下的太监没有占有三宫六院的能力。

Update: Keso用“悲愤。仇恨。”来形容这一“更黑暗的一天